21 Sep Tips to Transition with Autism Spectrum
Transitioning occurs at different stages during the journey of Autism. Often the first step is diagnosis and then transitioning into services for your child. In Indiana, the first step program often offers free speech, occupational, and development therapy at 1 hour per week in your home. It can take a while to get into these treatments and every child ages out of this program on their 3rd birthday. Another option is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) that works on language, social skills, daily living skills and problematic behaviors.
After receiving services such as these children often transition into the school setting. This transition comes with developing an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) with the school. The IEP includes the assessment information, goals, services, and accommodations that your child will receive within the school. Some children attend school as well as outside therapies including ABA, speech, and occupational therapy. It is important to plan for this transition and there are a variety of free resources to gain knowledge on how the IEP and school process works.
The next transition is often that to middle school or Jr. High. Children are now often in multiple classrooms with multiple teachers and a much greater variety of other children. It is often important at this transition stage to have social skills, anti-bullying, IEP, and related services such as ABA, speech, occupational therapy, and even physical therapy prepared. This transition phase is also often aligned with puberty and issues related to it.
As a child ages, the next transition is that into high school where the transitions into multiple classrooms with multiple teachers and students continues to come into play. At this stage, around age 14 a school will typically begin to discuss if a child is going to graduate with a diploma. The IEP process will be highly impacted by this decision and determine the academic course your child will move forward with in the future.
As your child becomes a young adult, they transition into adult services. These services can include vocational rehabilitation, which helps young adults learn the job and technical skills as they become older. In addition, some adults will look to work in specialized workgroups or even live in group homes with other adults with special needs. There are a variety of providers for this stage of one’s life.